Nepal

Nepal

A grandeur picture of Himalaya envisage in the mind of foreigners when they hear about Nepal. But, beside majestic mountains, Nepal is a beautiful country full of pristine nature, mesmerizing monuments, typical culture and festivals. Sincere smiles of Nepalese people can evoke the beauty of slow pace of life. No matter how hard is the life but Nepalese people take it easy; they do not shun and call it with hard names. This is what the foreigners have to learn from us. And, surely they have learnt ' simplicity is the beginning of nature and the last of an art".

Nepal stands as a unique destination for nature, culture and adventure. It is one of the most favorite destinations for mountaineers, trekkers and nature lover. Nepal is so natural and insatiable and visiting our country once is not enough” Definitely, magnificent snow-caped Himalayan range, top of the world Mt Everest, The birthplace of Lord Buddha, Lumbini, trekking through undulating landscape, rafting in raging rivers, Jungle safari in wilderness, pristine nature and enjoying typical festival and culture has surely allured foreigners. 

The elevation of the country ranges from 60m above the sea level to the highest point on earth. Because of its unique geographical position, climate varies from place to place. Consequently, different kind of vegetation, flora and fauna of every corner of the world can be found here. Although, Nepal occupies only 0.1% of the earth but it is the home to 2% of all the flowering plants in the world, 8% of the worlds population of birds, 319 species of exotic orchids, 635 species of butterfly, 4% of mammals on earth respectively. The world's highest lake and the world's deepest gorge are in Nepal. The Nepalese Himalayas contains 8 of the 10 highest peaks on earth including Sagarmatha 'Everest' 8,848m the tallest of all. Hence, Nepal is often known as the biggest natural museum in the world.

Nepal enjoys possessing the eight world heritage sites (cultural) offered by UNESCO including the birthplace of Lord Buddha. The Nepalese art and architecture are stupendous! As Nepal has more than 61 ethnic groups and 70 spoken languages, all they have their own culture and tradition. It is said "Many temples as many houses and many god-goddess as many people in the Katmandu valley". Half of the year passes with colorful festivals depicting a rich cultural heritage with profound religious meaning. Although, Nepal is a Hindu kingdom- here is a harmonious blending of Hinduism and Buddhism. Religion is an integral and deep-rooted part of Nepalese life. It is the land where feet are respected. And, it is the land where myths and legends are still alive.

NEPAL INFORMATION

LOCATION:  Between the Republic of India & the Tibetan Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China

AREA: 1, 47,181 sq. km.

LATITUDE: 26* 12*&30*27* North.

LONGITUDE: 80*04*&88*12*East.

ALTITUDE: Varies from 70 meters to 8,848 meter.

CAPITAL: Kathmandu City

PEOPLE: 40 Ethenic Groups & 70 Spoken Languages.

POPULATION: POLITICAL-SYSTEM: TOPOGRAPHY: From the worlds deepest gorge “Kali Gandaki” to the highest point on earth Sagarmatha (Mount Everest) 8,848meters above the sea-level.

TIME: Nepal standard Time is 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) & 15 minutes ahead of Indian Standard Time (IST)

PEOPOLE & RELIGION: Nepalese people are mainly divided into two distinct groups: the Mongoloids & the Indo-Aryans. Kathmandu Valley is the spiritual & culture meeting point of    all these groups. Buddhist Shrines & Hindu Temples are scattered all over the Kingdom. Nepal is the unanimous birth place of Shskyamuni Buddha, the Light of Asia. There is a complex blending of Buddhism & Hinduism is Nepal. So it is a bi-religion country.

VEGETATION: Against the size of the country, Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding bio-diversity in the world, ranging from the sub-equatorial rain forest in the south to the   alpine deserts of the northern Tundra region. W

EATHER: Climate ranges from the tropical in the low land to the arctic to the higher altitude.

SEASON: 6 according to local climate & traditions:

Basant

Spring

Feb/Mar.

Grishma

Summer

Apr/May.

Barsha

Monsoon

Jun/Jul.

Sharad

Harvest

Aug/Sep.

Hemanta

Fall

Oct/Nov.

Shishir

Winter

Dec/Jan.

NATIONAL BIRD: The multi-colored Impean Pheasant (Danfe). NATIONAL FLOOWER:Rhododendron Arboretum (Red Lali  Gurans)

WORLD HERITAGE SITES (CULTURE):

  • Swayambhu Stupa
  • Boudha Lama Stupa
  • Pashupati Nath Temple
  • Kantipur Durbar Square
  • Bhaktapur Durbar Square
  • Champak Narayab Temple
  • Lalitpur Durbar Square

(One of the countries in the world where seven world heritage sites are situated within a 20 km radius)

WORLD HERITAGE SITES (NATURAL):

  • Everest National Park (1,148sq. km)
  • Royal Chitwan National Park (932sq.km)

WORLD HERITAGE SITES (RELIGIOUS):

Lord Shakamuni Buddha at Lumbini Garden ( Birthplace of the Apostle of Peace….)

A LIVING CULTURAL HERITAGE: Nepal’s heritage is a live & dynamic. The world’s two great religions, Buddhism& Hinduism, co-exist in perfect harmony. Temple, Shrines, Monuments, & Monasteries are extremely radical with devotees burning butter-fed lamps, singing hymns & playing drums. Shamanisms, Paganism & Witchcraft are still practiced in the remote region.

HOW TO REACH NEPAL ?
Traveling by air: Nepal Airlines is the national flag carrier of Nepal with flights to/from Delhi, Kuala Lumpur, Dubai, Bangkok and Hong Kong. Other international airlines operating from/ to Kathmandu are Air Arabia (Sharjah), Air China (Lhasa, Chengdu), Arke Fly (Amsterdam ), Bahrain Air (Bahrain ), Biman Bangladesh (Dhaka), China Southern Airlines (Guanzhou), China Eastern (Kunming), Dragon Air (Hong Kong), Druk Air (Delhi, Paro), Etihad Airways (Abu Dhabi),Fly Dubai (Dubai), GMG Airlines (Dhaka), Gulf Air (Bahrain, Muscat), Indian Airlines (Delhi, Kolkotta, Varanasi), Jet Airways (Delhi, Mumbai), Jet Lite (Delhi), Kingfisher Airlines (Delhi), Korean Air (Seoul), Pakistan International Airlines (Karachi), Qatar Airways (Doha), Silk Air (Singapore) and Thai Airways (Bangkok).
Airfares fluctuate with the changes in exchange rates and are to be paid in foreign currency by foreign nationals. Only Nepalese and Indian nationals are permitted to pay in rupees for air passage between Nepal and India. Departure flight tickets should be reconfirmed three days in advance to avoid inconveniences by possible flight cancellation or changes in the flight schedule. Overweight luggage charges are levied in foreign exchange.

Traveling by road/Entry Points  
All visitors entering Nepal by land must use these designated entry points and may not enter from any other point:

ENTRY POINTS:

BY AIR: Trivuban International Airport, Kathmandu

BY LAND: Kakarvitta Birgunj Sunuli Nepalgunj Mahendranagar at Indo-Nepal border & Kadari at Sino-Nepalborder

  • Nepal-India border:

Kakarbhitta, Birgunj, Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj, Dhangadi, Mahendra Nagar

  • Nepal-China border:  Kodari

Note: Overland tourists entering the country with their vehicles must possess an international carnet.

Eco Tourism
Ecotourism is "Responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people."
Ecotourism is about uniting conservation, communities and sustainable travel. This means that those who implement and participate in ecotourism activities should follow the following ecotourism principles:

  • Minimize impact.
  • Build environmental and cultural awareness and respect.
  • Provide positive experiences for both visitors and hosts.
  • Provide direct financial benefits for conservation.
  • Provide financial benefits and empowerment for local people.
  • Raise sensitivity to host countries' political, environmental and social climate.

National Parks and Wild-Life Reserves

  • Bardia National Park
  • Khaptad National Park
  • Rara National Park
  • Shey- Phoksundo National Park
  • Langtang National Park
  • Shivapuri National Park
  • Makalu- Barun National Park
  • Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserves
  • Parsa Wildlife Reserve
  • Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve
  • Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve (Hunting Reserve)

Conservation Areas

  • Annapurna Conservation Area
  • Kanchanjunga Conservation Area
  • Manaslu Conservation Area

UNESCO World Heritages Sites

  • Pashupatinath (Where Lord Shiva Resides)
  • Boudhanath (World’s biggest Stupa)
  • Swoyambhunath (Self originated eternal flame)
  • Kathmandu Durbar Square (The Living Goddess Kumari)
  • Patan Durbar Square (City of fine arts and architectures)
  • Bhaktapur (City of Devotees)
  • Changunarayan temple (One of the oldest Vishnu temple)
  • Everest National Park (Natural heritage site)
  • Chitwan National Park (Natural heritage site)
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